Ministry of Defense, Armed Forces and Logistics (MODAFL)
According to the Treasury Department’s designation of MODAFL as an Iranian entity subject to sanctions, it is responsible for overseeing Iran’s Defense Industries Organization (DIO) and has been subject to sanctions previously for “missile technology proliferation activities.” The U.S. government asserts that MODAFL also has authority over Iran’s Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO), which is responsible for “ballistic missile research, development and production activities and organizations, including the Shahid Hemmat Industries Group (SHIG) and the Shahid Bakeri Industries Group (SBIG).” Both entities are named in UN Security Council Resolution 1737 and therefore subject to the UN sanctions contained in that resolution (primarily restrictions on trading with named entities).
MODAFL is reportedly the employer of the nuclear scientist Dr. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh who is believed to oversee a number of projects related to weaponization R&D. Fakhrizadeh, a nuclear engineer and reportedly a brigadier-general in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is also believed to oversee activities at Kimiaa Madan. The IAEA has sought unsuccessfully permission to interview Dr. Fakhrizadeh, who is named in Annex I to UN Security Council Resolution 1747 (2007) as a person involved in nuclear activities. He was also designated by the Department of State on July 8, 2008 as a person “of proliferation concern.” The finding notes that Fakhrizadeh was a senior scientist at the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL) and former head of the Physics Research Centre (PHRC), and that Iran has refused the IAEA’s requests to interview him.
For more on Dr. Fakhrizadeh and his role in Iran’s nuclear weapons-related R&D work see notes from the February 2008 IAEA briefing to UN missions.
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